Math Flashcards1

Term Definition
Base When a number is written in exponential form. EX 5 is the base in 5 to the third power.
Composite Number A number that is great than one with more than two factors. EX 48 is composite
Divisible A number is divisible by a second whole number. EX 48 is divisible by 8
Exponent Tells how many times a number is used as a factor. EX 3rd power
Factor A whole number that divides into the remainder of 0. EX 5 is a factor of 25
Formula A tool that shows the relationship between two or more quantities. EX 6= 2 x R
Greatest Common Factor The largest number that is a factor between two different numbers. EX 20's GCF is 5 x 4
Least Common Denominator The smallest number between two denominators. 2/3 and 4/2's LCD is 6
Least Common Multiple The smallest number that can be a multiple of two numbers. EX 2 and 3's LCM is 6
Multiplicative Inverse The reciprocal of a number. EX 1/2 reciprocal is 2/1
Power A number that can be expressed through its base and an exponent. EX 1 to the 1st power is one
Prime Factorization When you break down a composite number. EX 6=2 x 2
Prime Number A number that can only be multiplied by itself and 1
Rational Number A number written off the division of two integers where the denominator isn't 0. EX 9/10
Reciprocals Two fractions that have products of one
3/5 and 5/3
Relatively Prime A fraction is relatively prime when a and b only have I as a common multiple. EX 1/4
Repeating Decimal A decimal that repeats and does not end. EX. .3333333
Scientific Notion The first factor is greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10, and the second factor is the power of 10. EX 3.7 x 7 to the 10th power
Terminating Decimal A decimal that ends. EX .6