|Statistics||A way of reasoning using calculations made from data that help understand the world.|
|Context||Tells WHO was measured, WHAT was measured, WHERE the data was collected, WHEN and WHY the study was performed, and HOW the data were collected.|
|Data||Systematically recorded information with its context.|
|Data Table||An arrangement of data where rows represent a case, and columns represent a variable.|
|Case||What the data is about.|
|Population||What is to be represented by the sample. The whole.|
|Sample||The few cases we can examine to understand the population.|
|Variable||Holds information about the same characteristic for many cases.|
|Units||Quantity of amount adopted as a standard of measurement.|
|Categorical (Qualitative) Data||Names categories. Answers questions about the categories.
(Ex. religion, favorite music, favorite food, etc.)
|Quantitative Data||Measured numerical values. Always have units.
(Ex. distance, weight, time, age, etc.)
|Two Types of Quantitative Data||Discreet and Continuous.|
|Discreet Data||Counted quantitative data. Measurable.
(Ex. minutes, distance, etc.)
|Continuous Data||Quantitative data that can take on any value in an interval. Measurable.
(Ex. shoe size, etc.)