Ms.Roland

Term Definition
Algebra A branch in mathematics
Coefficient A number that is being multiplied by another quantity
Domain the domain of a function is the set of inputs
Equation The act to make equal
Function a factor related to or dependent upon other factors
Inequality A unequal equation
Ordered Pair The correct way to label a point on a graph
Perimeter The borders all added together on a 2-D shape
Pythagorean Theorem is the relation in euclidean geometry
Range the distance between something
Substitution A replacement of something else
Variable A number that is replaced by a unknown number
Polynomial A similar expression consisting of the sum of 2 or more terms
Constant A number that is in a equation
Monomial consisting of 1 term only
Binomial a expression that is a sum or difference of 2 terms
Trinomial an expression that is a sum or difference of 3 terms
Constraint restriction

Vocabulary for Angles Types and Pairs

Term Definition
Acute Angle Angle whose measure less than 90 degrees.
Obtuse Angle Angle whose measure is greater than 90 degrees.
Right Angle Angle whose measure is equal to 90 degrees.
Complementary Angles Angles whose sum is equal to 90 degrees.
Supplementary Angles Angles whose sum is equal to 180 degrees.
Vertical Angles Opposite, congruent angles formed by intersecting lines.
Linear Pair Angles that share a common side and outside rays form a straight angle.
Adjacent Angles Angles that share a common side(ray).
Ray Contain one end point and extends indefinitely in the other direction.
Vertex Common endpoint of two rays that form an angle.
Straight Angle Angle whose opposite rays form a straight angle.

Prime Time

Term Definition
factor one of two or more numbers multiplied to get a product; a number that goes into another number evenly
proper factors all of the factors of a number except the number itself
prime number has only two factors- one and itself
composite number a whole number with factors other than one and itself
multiple the product of a given whole number and another number
product the answer to a multiplication problem
order of operations parenthesis, exponents, multiplication/division, addition/subtraction
factor pair two numbers that multiply to get a product
square number has an odd number of factors; a number multiplied by itself equals a square number
conjecture a logical guess about what you think will happen in a math situation
even numbers has 2 as a factor; ends in 0,2,4,6,8
odd number does not have 2 as a factor; ends in 1,3,5,7,9
even + even = even
odd + odd = even
even + odd = odd
even x even = even
odd x odd = odd
even x odd = even
Venn diagram uses circles to group things that belong together
GCF- Greatest Common Factor the biggest number that goes into two or more numbers evenly
common factors factors that two or more numbers share
LCM- Least Common Multiple the smallest number that two or more numbers can go into evenly
prime factorization the longest factor string for any whole number- made up of all prime numbers
exponents small raised number that shows how many times a number is multiplied

Algebra 1( using distributive property)

Question: combine like term Evaluate
Combine the like terms and then evaluate the expression: 4x+x when x=2 simplify to 5x 10
Combine like term and then evaluate the expression : 6x-3(x+2) when x=-2 simplies to-6 0
Combine like term and then evaluate the expression : 4x+ 4 when x=1/4 none 5
Combine like term and then evaluate the expression : 2x+3x+4y+5y when x=2 and y=1 5x+9y 19
Combine like term and then evaluate the expression : 4x+ 3(x+2) when x=0 7x+6 6

(Easter Vocab wk 5)

Term Definition
multiple product of the number and any whole number. (ex. 4: 4, 8, 12, 16, 20…)
improper fraction a fraction that has a numberator that is greater than or equal t the denominator. The value of an improper fraction is greater than or equal to 1. (ex. 27/1)
proper fraction a fraction that has a numerator less than the denominator (ex. 1/10)
decimal a number that has a digit in the tenths place, hundredths place and beyond. (ex. .25)
remainder the number that is left after one whole number is divided into another; what is not divisible (ex. 3r1)

(Easter Vocab Wk 2)

Term Definition
decimal a number that has a digit in the tenths place, hundredths place, and beyond
ordering numbers designated structure in which numbers are to be placed
and used to designate when a decimal is positioned in a number
grid a place to visually map numbers
integers whole numbers and their opposites. (ex -3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3,…)

Courtney Hefner

Term Definition
Area Space inside of a shape.
Perimeter Distance around a shape.
Diameter A segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose endpoints are on the circle.
circumfrence The distance around the circle(perimeter of the circle.)
radius A segment whose endpoints are the center of the circle and a point on the circle(half the measure of the diameter.)
pre-image Original figure in a transformation(starting figure.)
transformation A change in the position, size or shape of a figure. (flip, turn, slide)
image The ending figure.
translation (slide) Tranformation is which all the points of a figure move in the same distance in the same direction.
rotation (turn) Transformation about a point.
reflection (flip) Transformation across a line.

what step is first…

Question Answer
what is the first step in the following equation? 2x=16 Divide each side by 2
what is the first step in the following equation? X 2 = 4 multiply each side by 2
what is the first step in the following equation? 4+X= 12 subtract 4 from each side
what is the first step in the following equation? X-5=10 add 5 to both sides
what is the first step in the following equation? 2x+3=14 subtract 3 from both sides (then divide each side by 2)

8.EE & 8.F

Question Answer
Function A relation between order pairs. The first element of the order pairs contain no repeating.
Linear function First degree equation with a straight line as the graph.
Domain first elements of the order pairs
Range Second elements of the order pairs
slope of a line is a number that describes both the direction and the steepness of the line.
y-intercept where the line cross at y-axis
x-intercept where the line cross at x-axis
Direction variation A linear equation that y-intercept is 0, and it is proportional relationship with a constant rate of change.
y=mx+b y-intercept form where m stands for slope and b is the y-intercept.
Ax+By=C Standard form of a linear equation.